Progymnasmata Exercises

By Mark Ayers on July 4, 2016 — 1 min read

A set of rudi­men­ta­ry ex­er­cis­es in­tend­ed to pre­pare stu­dents of rhetoric for the cre­ation and per­for­mance of com­plete prac­tice ora­tions (gym­nas­ma­ta or decla­ma­tions). A cru­cial com­po­nent of clas­si­cal and re­nais­sance rhetor­i­cal ped­a­gogy. Many pro­gym­nas­ma­ta ex­er­cis­es cor­re­late di­rect­ly with the parts of a clas­si­cal oration.

  1. Fable
  2. Narrative
  3. Chreia
  4. Proverb
  5. Refutation
  6. Confirmation
  7. Commonplace
  8. Encomium
  9. Vituperation
  10. Comparison
  11. Impersonation
  12. Description
  13. Thesis or Theme
  14. Defend /​Attack a Law